Cluster is a group of interrelated companies concentrated within some territory, such as suppliers of equipment, components and specialized services, infrastructure, research institutes, institutions of higher education, and other organizations, which complement each other and enhance competitive advantages of individual companies and the whole cluster. Set as a cluster example may be Silicon Valley, USA  [18].

Transport-Logistic Cluster is a group of geographically localized interrelated companies specializing in storage, tracking and delivery of cargoes and passengers, organizations that service infrastructure items and other organizations, which complement each other, reinforce their mutual strong points and materialize specific advantages pertaining to a particular area [18].


Cluster goal




Practical work

Object of study and, in particular, prediction, which sets alternative to a specific enterprise or industry Object of support within the limits of regional development strategies, which engineers often provide for cluster generation measures, basing on the assumption that clusters promote productivity, innovation processes, competitive power, profitability and employment at companies operating within a given area


Cluster distinctive features

  •   maximum geographical proximity;
  •   similarity of processes;
  •   community of raw materials sources;
  •   presence of innovation component


Reasons for geographic concentration of enterprises




Potential to gain from distribution of costs of maintenance and development of resources shared by several companies Geographical proximity providing for low cost and short-time supply of products or services being essential for business purposes Concentration of companies within one area contributes to extension of  implied knowledge (a form knowledge, which may not be conveyed readily to others),  that is the knowledge and expertise that may not be formalized and conveyed easily and are closely attached to their bearers



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